Urban sociology papers
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Urban Studies - Research Paper List
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Socioeconomic Structure In Los Angeles As A Stimulus For The 1992 Riots
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A 9 page research paper on social conditions which caused the eruption of the 1992 Los Angeles Riots. The writer posits that the Rodney King verdict was merely a final stimulus ('the straw that broke the camel's back') for the ensuing violence but that various other social, economic, cultural, and demographic factors contributed to it as well. Conflict, race relations, and immigration to South Central Los Angeles are of particular importance in this insightful sociopolitical analysis. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Urbanla.wps

Recycling Cities' Industrial Areas
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A 5 page paper discussing decay in downtown Detroit, the renovation of the L&N Railroad terminal in Knoxville, Tennessee and the conversion of tobacco warehouses in Durham, North Carolina to a pedestrian shopping mall. These beautiful old buildings that have been sitting vacant for decades can have a positive effect on the areas around them. Narrow, twisting streets may not be conducive to using them again as industrial sites, but there are higher and better uses available. Whether used for shops, restaurants, offices, apartments or a combination, cities' old industrial areas can become vital once again, and in ways never originally intended. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: KSurbanArch.wps

City Planning In Renaissance Italy
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A 12 page research paper that analyzes the role of the Renaissance in Italian architecture and city planning, focusing on the cities of Venice, Florence, and Rome. The writer postulates that the Renaissance style of simplicity and symmetry, along with each city's geography, particularly influenced the development of neighborhoods and communities. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Renitaly.wps

Organized Crime In the History of Chicago
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A 6 page research paper which looks specifically at the Prohibition era and how Chicago was ruled by gangsters, bootleggers, and corrupt politicians at that time. This era ended when mobster Al Capone was finally arrested for tax evasion by 'Untouchable' leader Elliott Ness. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: HistChic.wps

Jerusalem
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This 14 page report examines Jerusalem and the struggles, historical and current, the city has faced. It gives a brief overview of the city's history, as well as the conflicts inherent in a city considered holy by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Bibliography included.
Filename: Jeru.wps

The Destruction of Jerusalem
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A 10 page overview of the ancient history of Jerusalem with emphasis on two of its many periods of seige, the Babylonian siege in 587 B.C. and the Roman siege in 70 A.D. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: Jerudest.wps

Religious Life in American Ethnic Communities
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A 10 page paper comparing the religious experience of those living in American urban ghettos during the first half of the twentieth century, as described in Chaim Potok’s 'The Chosen;' Robert A. Orsi’s 'Madonna of 115th St;' and James Baldwin’s 'Go Tell It On The Mountain.' The paper argues that while there are distinctive differences in the way the Italian, Jewish, and Black Pentecostal communities worshipped God, there are remarkable similarities in the way that all the groups discussed used religion as a cement to bind their communities together. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Rlaec.wps

Gangs / Chicago & L.A.
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An 8 page research overview of the social and economic factors affecting the establishment of gangs in Chicago and Los Angeles, the 'political' differences between the formation of the gangs, expansion of gang territories, and the differences between law enforcement efforts. The writer supports the argument that the most effective form of enforcement has been collusion between law enforcement agencies and gang communities through several examples. Bibliography lists 14 sources.
Filename: Gangprog.wps

Environmental Racism & Landfills of the Inner-City
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A 20 page analytical paper examining the idea that large inner-cities seem to have their sanitation landfills strategically located in and around minority neighborhoods. A discussion of relevant case law, economic rationale, and environmental concern is provided. The writer posits that elected officials must take action or be held responsible for the harmful effects that nearby garbage dumps have upon members of the African-American and Latino communities. Bibliography lists 19 sources.
Filename: Garbager.wps

Environmentally Sustainable Cities: A Contradiction In Terms
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6 pages in length. There is no question that the notion of environmentally sustainable cities represents a contradiction in terms for the simple reason that the very aspect of any sort of growth will have a detrimental impact upon the environment. In light of the fact that the world's population continues to explode, thus requiring more and more room and resources in which to appease the earth's inhabitants, the environment is facing continued degradation while much of its wildlife is becoming threatened. However, there are those who believe that the notion of environmentally sustainable cities is more than just a notion; indeed, they contend that modern design will help to allow mankind and the environment to harmoniously co-exist. The writer discusses environmentally sustainable cities in relation to being a contradiction in terms. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCsustn.wps

The Impact Of The Environment On Highway Construction
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This 12 page paper provides an investigation of the different environmental factors that impact the decision making process for highway construction. This paper considers the impacts of environment on the physical, structural, financial, economic and technological factors that are evaluated when considering the construction of a new highway. This paper also presents an example of how an engineer might address these issues when planning a construction design. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Highwayc.wps

New York City / Media Visual Imagery
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20 pages in length. The media image of New York City is one that is both intriguing and dishonest; nowhere else are there more accounts of stereotypical imagery than is portrayed within the Big Apple. A number of various entities have worked together though the decades to create the larger than life image of New York City the world has come to adopt; art, photography and film represent a significant part of that influence. When one contemplates the visual imagery of New York City as it relates to the media, one does not have to think long before a predisposed illustration comes to mind. Not unlike other victims of media influence, New York City is perceived as a twisted Mecca of entertainment, violence, self-centeredness, insanity and raw indifference. The writer discusses the various aspects of media visual imagery as it relates to New York City. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: NYCimage.wps

Natural Ecosystems: East Brunswick, NJ
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This 8 page paper examines the natural ecosystems of East Brunswick, NJ. Ecological content areas considered include: water and water quality, land and mineral use, air quality, pollution and monitoring practices in all areas. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BBnateco.doc.

Mass Transit in Phoenix.
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(5pp) The City of Phoenix, and the surrounding valley, is one of the most sought after residential and business region in the country. Consequently traffic congestion and its accompanying concerns, such as air pollution, noise control, convenience, and overall quality of life, are vital issues if the city is to continue to be forceful entity in commerce and private living. Bibliography lists 20 sources.
Filename: BBphoenx.doc.

1877-1900: Urban Immigrant And Growing Middle Class
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3 pages in length. The existence of the urban immigrant of 1877-1900 was not particularly well-received by the growing middle class. The gulf that existed between the two groups was primarily born from a sense of ethnic privilege that had been established early on. It can be argued that this rift that developed, which defined the self-imposed status, proved to be a serious threat to the overall social fabric. For nearly as long as man has existed, social intolerance has been driving a wedge between groups of people whose ambition is the same: to better their existence through upward social movement. This attitude has been carried down through the centuries, despite much effort on all sides to abolish such prejudicial practices. The writer discusses that although slavery had all but been wiped out, there still existed deep-seated resentment toward certain social classes for all the unnecessary suffering minorities had been forced to endure throughout history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCimgrt.wps

City Policies, Urban Politics, & Local Dominance
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This 7 page paper considers some major issues regarding urban politics, the limitations on city policies and policy-making and the issues local dominance, all of which are outlined in the works of Paul Peterson, Mark Schneider, John Logan and Harvey Molotoch, and Clarence Stone. This paper evaluates the basic arguments in the books of all of these authors, and then considers the implications for regional interests. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Urbpoli.wps

Greensboro, North Carolina
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This 15 page paper explores the growth of the city of Greensboro, North Carolina. The paper focuses primarily on the commercial and residential real estate markets in the area but provides historical information as well. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: Greensbo.wps

Redistricting in Nassau County, N.Y.
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While this 10 page paper focuses on one county in particular, the issue of redesigning election districts is actually part of a much broader trend to level the playing field in terms of race. Examples outside of the county are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: Nassauny.wps

Segregation & the Urban Setting
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This 20 page paper looks at the subject of segregation in the urban setting. Several points are explored, including African American history, the slave trade and migration to the North. The thesis of this paper is that segregation is more acceptable now than it has ever been in the past. The reason why is due to the adoption of multiculturalism. Several specific examples are noted and the topics of unique African customs, rap music, fashion, ebonics, and Kwanza are discussed. Bibliography lists 25 sources.
Filename: Segrurb.wps

South Street in Philadelphia
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A 5 page research paper that examines South Street in Philadelphia and how it has been impacted by urban renewal. The writer argues that the revitalization of Philadelphia has negatively impacted the ethnic populations of neighborhoods such as South Street causing the closing of ethnically-owned businesses and displacement. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Soutst.wps

Study of a Local Park
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A 5 page paper which examines the many facets of a local park in Southern California. The park, or more accurately, the campground, is named NIRA and it is located in the Santa Ynez mountains in the Los Padres National Forest, which lies just outside Santa Barbara, California. This park is predominantly used by day hikers and backpackers. It is a region filled with incredible views of the mountains and valleys, and also an area that offers silence and seclusion. It is a prime example of all that is good in a park as it is well kept and the visitors are genuinely concerned with keeping the area as natural as possible.
Filename: RAnira.wps

Suburban Neighborhoods
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In 5 pages the author presents an essay that compares the 3 types of suburban neighborhoods: affluent, poor, and middle class. The writer attempts to show that these types of neighborhoods are distinct and they have their own characteristics, although sometimes they exist in close proximity. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Subneigh.wps

Suburbanization
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of suburbanization. Various subjects are touched on including the effects of transportation and housing. The significance of the GI bill is included. Theoretical concepts are also provided in the analysis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Suburb.wps

The 74th Street Subway Station
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This 5 page paper provides an analysis of one Queens subway station in terms of safety. The subject of crime in the NYC transit system is discussed in a general sense as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA18Sub.wps

The American Ideal Of Suburbia
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5 pages in length. The American ideal of suburbia reflects a trend of living that is conspicuous by the very lifestyles of the people who live within such urban sprawl. It is a decidedly different approach to existence than that of its urban counterpart, which establishes residency inside a significantly closed environment. Suburbia represents freedom and an unencumbered feeling to the degree that people are able to spread out and have room to grow. Contrarily, metropolitan communities offer nothing like the outdoorsy appeal of living at the outskirts of town, a place where Americans can settle in and take stock of their inherent independence. The writer discusses the American deal of suburbia. No sources cited.
Filename: AmerSub.wps

The Contemporary Suburb / A Response to Fishman’s Technoburb
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In his work Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia, Robert Fishman (1989) argued that the development of a new kind of city, the technoburb, was occurring that sharply contrasted the suburban development of the 1960s and 1970s. This 8 page paper argues that while the technoburb demonstrates some different elements from earlier suburban regions, it also retains many of the central characteristics of the old suburb. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: Rfishman.wps

The Great San Francisco Earthquake & Fire / What Did We Learn?
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A 5 page examination of the disaster of 1906 in light of modern fire codes, dealing with whether devastation and loss of life could have been lessened with the use of those codes. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Sfearth.wps

The Greek-American Community In Chicago
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6 pages in length. The natural art of food peddling was the primary talent brought over by the Greeks in the mid to late 1800's. Their quest to find a better life and considerable prosperity drew them to Chicago, first arriving as ship captains and then once settled polishing their peddling trade. The continued development of food-related commerce made it an easy transition into the restaurant industry, for which the Greek community is famous. Indeed, one cannot speak of Greek Town without also mentioning the intrinsic connection to delicious food. The writer discusses how the Greek-Americans represent significantly more than just food, explaining how their customs, personal desires and political aspirations served as their ticket to the United States during a time when America symbolized the land of opportunity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Tlcgreek.wps

The University of Illinois—Urbana-Champaign
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A 9 page paper discussing Illinois' first state university. The school is one that could be seen as a parent's dream, yet enjoyable for the students and truly important in the community. Employers also see UIUC as a university of value, which further enhances its value to students—UIUC can be valuable to them for their entire lives, not for only their short college careers. The school is research-oriented and its computer and engineering departments are among the best in the country. It also offers medical, verinary and law schools. Includes a one-page outline. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: KSUIUC.doc

Urban Controversy / Privatization in Jersey City
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This 8 page report discusses the efforts of Jersey City public officials to streamline city services while saving the community’s public dollars through the adoption of several privatization strategies. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Jerscity.wps

Urban Enterprise Zones
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A 19 page overview of urban enterprise zones. Outlines the successes and failures of these zones presenting empirical evidence from several. Concludes that although these zones often result in jobs, too few of those jobs are filled by disadvantaged zone residents. Suggests requiring the hiring of specific target groups in order for a business to reap the tax and regulatory incentives offered in these areas. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: PPentZon.wps

Urban Growth Boundaries
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This 5 page paper addresses the concept of urban growth boundaries and the practice is supported. Oregon is highlighted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Urbgrow.wps

Urban Problems in Virginia Public Housing
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A 9 page paper discussing trends in public housing and their effects on urban problems. With the ongoing reductions in funds available through federal and state governments for use in providing low-income housing, cities increasingly are finding it necessary to turn to the private sector and nonprofit groups to aid in providing affordable housing. In the case of Richmond, the city was able to use public housing funds to upgrade decaying urban infrastructure while turning to private sources to provide actual housing in the area the city upgraded with the funds. The new creativity results in more units being made available for habitation while also contributing to a wider sense of community not possessed by those still adhering to the standard method of requiring full public funding. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Vahouse.wps

Urban Sprawl
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An 8 page review of the factors which lead to urban sprawl. Emphasizes that urban sprawl often has a negative impact on surrounding farmland and sensitive environmental areas but a positive impact on land value. Correlates urban sprawl with population growth and recommends the use of effective urban planning to help keep it in check. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPurbanS.wps

Urbanization In The Late Nineteenth Century
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3 pages in length. The urbanization of America during the latter part of the nineteenth century not only changed the nation's values, but it also created unforeseen problems with regard to the bustling growth of cities, the complications of new technologies and the reactions that people had to such significant transformation. Indeed, for a society to survive, it must be willing to grow. However, there comes a point when that growth turns into a detriment more than the asset it was originally intended to be -- such was the case with America's urbanization during the late nineteenth century. The writer discusses how urbanization changed America in the late nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: TLCurban.wps

Washington, DC / A Study of the Georgetown Neighborhood
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Washington, D.C., is made up of a number of complex neighborhood regions that have distinct topography, economic conditions, land use and local problems. This 10 page paper is designed to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the Georgetown neighborhood, relating factors like location and internal layout, the people, historic preservation in the community, historical development and a range of other applicable elements that provide a substantive view of this community. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Washindc.wps

Why Tacoma Was Not Selected As State Capital
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5 pages in length. Tacoma, Washington, was not chosen to represent the state as its capital for the same reasons other similar cities were overlooked as well: Olympia proved to be a more beneficial location for such an important appointment. Granted, there are myriad variables that come into play when the location of a state’s capital is being evaluated, but there is always more than just a handful of deciding – albeit sometimes inconsequential factors – that ultimately determine the best place for state government to reside. The writer discusses various reasons why Tacoma may not have been the best choice for Washington’s state capital. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Tacoma.wps

(The) First County Park
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10 pages in length. An analytical examination of how nineteenth century Newark, New Jersey saved itself by creating the nation's first county park. Excellent reference for those studying topics relevant to urban politics. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Essxpark.wps

A Look At Urban Problems / Detroit
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An 8 page essay on socioeconomic problems in the city of Detroit, Michigan (U.S.A.). Some of the issues discussed include housing loan discrimination, destruction of parks, and urban pollution. No bibliography.
Filename: Urban.wps

A Polish Immigrant to America and his Used Car Business
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This 5 page report is written in a style that demonstrates a human interest and neighborhood business type of reporting. It profiles a small business owner Andrzej Borkowska and his used car company -- “Honesty Used Cars.” No bibliography.
Filename: BWpolcar.wps

A Sociological Look At Hartford, CT
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A 7 page research paper which examines the city of Hartford, CT as to its religious groups, institutions, school system and other aspects of its society. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: Hartford.wps

Analyzing Violence in Philadelphia
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A 7 page research paper that uses as its primary source the study of inner-city Philadelphia performed by Elijah Anderson for his book Code of the Street. The writer discusses how well Anderson's analysis fits the parameters of social disorganization theory. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: khcode.wps

Atlanta, Georgia
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A 10 page discussion of urban problems in Altanta, Georgia ranging from housing, politics, & education, to racism & crime. Writer displays impressive knowledge of urban politics and applies such in the analysis. Bibliography lists approximately 20 sources.
Filename: Atlanta.wps

Bills of Quantity
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This 5 page paper looks at different types of bills of quantity and builders quantity considering how and when they are used and some of the problems that may be encountered. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEbillqu.wps

Boston's Green Line Subway / Controversy Over Its Continued Use
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In this 10 page research paper, the writer explores one of Boston's oldest subway lines. Specifically examined are the social and economic issues concerning its maintenance. Central to this discussion is an analysis of whether or not the Green Line Subway should continue to be operated in today's modern Boston. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Greenlin.wps

Brooklyn's Russian Immigrants
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This 5 page paper takes a look at Russian immigration to Brooklyn's Brighton Beach that took place at the end of the twentieth century. The effect that the new immigrants have had on the region's older Russian Jews is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA039BB.wps

Central City Redevelopment
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7 pages in length. The focus of this paper is on the rise, the fall and the redevelopment of the major central cities. What caused the inner city's downfall and how can it be brought back to life once again? Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: JGAicity.wps

Chef's Tables and Controversy in Chicago
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3 pages plus an outline. An argumentative essay on why the Chicago Board of Health's proposed 1995 regulation regarding restrictions to be imposed upon 'Chef's Tables' in restaurants like Trotter's,-- was unnecessary and wrong. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Chefstab.wps

Chicago: City of Neighborhoods
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of the Dominic Pacyga book Chicago: City of Neighborhoods. This paper identifies the main message of the book, considers the sources upon which the book is based, the organization, literary quality of the book and the methodology. No additional sources cited.
Filename: MHchica4.wps

Cities / Social - Cultural Changes
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A 6 page research paper compares modern society in Los Angeles and Boston with ancient Sparta and Athens. The writer focuses on crime and education, and general concerns of the police state. References are made to works by Zimiatin, Ellison and Plato. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Citycult.wps

Cities Grow -- Urban Sprawl In The United States & Canada
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A 9 page research paper on urban sprawl. From both an historical and modern perspective, the writer examines how the spreading of large cities into "metropolitan areas" which extend outwards into the suburbs, has contributed to social, economic, and even physical decay within the city itself. An analysis of how and why urban sprawl occurs is complemented by case examples. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Urbanspr.wps

City Morphology / As Evidenced By the Greek, Romans, Italians, & French
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A 5 page overview of city evolution as evidenced by the Greek, Roman and Italian cultures. Discusses how the Greeks heavily influenced Roman cities and how the Romans, in turn, influenced Italian cities. Gives several examples of planned and organic cities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Citymorp.wps

City Organization And Evolution
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A 5 page overview of the changes experienced by the American city over time. Discusses the structural and political organization and the interrelationship of city government with regional, state and federal government. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: CityOrg.wps

Competitive Problems in Port Jacksonville, Florida
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A 5 page paper on Port Jacksonville, Florida (an area with many specially designed facilities tailored specifically for the automobile trade) and the problems that it faced during the early and mid-1990's as a result of increased competition between cities and states. The writer analyzes Port Jacksonville's competitive environment and makes determinations about its not-so-bright future. It is realized that the socioeconomic make-up of the entire region depends on this one port city and consequently, recommendations are made for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Portjack.wps

Cost Planning Services of a Quantity Surveyor
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This 5 page paper describes the cost planning services a quantity surveying practice provides. The paper includes and outline of the breadth of these services and then considers some of these services in greater depth to give the student an idea of the breadth and dept of the responsibilities of quantity surveyors. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEquansu.wps

Crime & Poverty/Tokyo & San Francisco
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An 8 page research paper that compares and contrasts crime and poverty in San Francisco with Tokyo. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: khsft.wps

Crime in Detroit and Atlanta, 1986-1996
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An 8 page paper examining the possibility that the same factors underlying Detroit's decline and loss of industry were those contributing to Atlanta's rapid growth between 1986 and 1996. The paper finds through a literature review that the two share very little similiarities aside from black crime, police inefficiency and more typical urban problems. It is true that Atlanta was growing rapidly, but its growth was based in services rather than manufacturing or any of the industrial pursuits that Detroit had lost over the period of a generation. Based on the evidence presented, the study concludes that each city was being affected by globalization, but in very different ways and certainly not within the same types of industries. Bibliography lists 13 sources.
Filename: KScityCrime.wps

Denton, Texas
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A 5 page paper which presents a basic demographic study of Denton, Texas. Urban information such as population, eduction, income levels, and ethnic diversity are covered in addition to other topics. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: RAdenton.wps

Denver's Renewal
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A 5 page research paper on the effort of the Denver Urban Renewal Authority to revitalize Denver's downtown district. The writer demonstrates that their efforts have succeeded beyond expectations. Cities across the U.S. are rushing to copy Denver's success. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Denverd.wps

Detroit's J.L. Hudson Building
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This 5 page report discusses the history and fate of one of the great buildings in the Detroit, Michigan, skyline. J.L. Hudsons's Department Store was considered by many to be a unique American institution that changed the way people viewed downtown and shopping. The building was vacated in 1983 and demolished in 1998. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Hudsonjl.wps

Douglas Yates / 'The Ungovernable City'
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A 5 page book review that outlines Yates' premise about the local governmental inadequacies that have resulted in the diminished capacity urban centers, including New York and New Haven. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Yates.wps

Economic Development in Phoenix
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A 5 page paper examining reasons that business and workers continue to move to Phoenix. The population of 3 million grew by 80,000 in 2000, a rate of growth expected to continue for several years. Phoenix has shown no signs of inner city decay that has been common in other rapidly growing areas, and in fact only Atlanta is growing at a faster pace. The paper lists factors that planners will need to address, as well as those that make Phoenix attractive to business. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: KSphoenix.wps

Empowerment Zones
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This 15 page paper provides an overview of just what the Empowerment Zones are and how they have been implemented. Urban renewal is discussed in general. The successes and failures of the program are outlined and alternatives are provided. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: SA029pow.wps

Farm Preservation in Pennsylvania
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This 10 page paper provides a look at farm preservation and how Pennsylvania has fared. Solutions for communities are proposed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: SA117Pa.doc

Fifth Avenue, New York, NY
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A 12 page research paper on the history and characteristics of New York's Fifth Avenue. The writer describes the changing structure, architecture, the spectacular parades, and the stores of the famed avenue. Bibliography lists 5 sources. (Begins Before the Twentieth Century).
Filename: Fifthave.wps

Fire Prevention: Two Cases in Connecticut
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A five page paper which looks at fire prevention and fire safety codes, with particular reference to large institutions such as hospitals, and cites two specific cases from the State of Connecticut involving fires in health-care facilities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: JLfire.wps

Fort Worth Business
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A 6 page overview of business development in Fort Worth. Presents a largely positive view but introduces the question as to whether this development can be expected to pay for itself. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: FortWort.wps

Golden Gate Park / An Urban Landscape
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A 5 page paper that considers the urban landscape of the Golden Gate Park and its impact in terms its geographical study. This paper also includes a brief history of the development of the Golden Gate Park. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Goldenga.wps

Gradual Causes Of The 1992 Los Angeles Riots
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Similar to Urbanla.wps, this 6 page paper argues that the 1992 L.A. riots actually exemplified a manifestation of drastic socioeconomic changes that, for two decades, had been negatively affecting the parts of Los Angeles that were most prevalent in the riots. Issues concerning labor relations, the media, and general urban decay are discussed. Bibliography lists approximately 6 sources.
Filename: Urbanla2.wps

Highway 32; Kenosha to Sheboygan
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This 7 page paper takes the journey from Kenosha to Sheboygan and looks at different interesting places and features you may find on the way. The paper is written in the style of a tourist guide. The bibliography cites 5 sources.
Filename: TEhyaw32.wps

History Of Contemporary Issues in Washington, D.C.
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A 6 page paper that focuses on transformation of neighborhoods through processes of gentrification and urban revitalization in D.C. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Dc2.wps

History of Early Inner-City Architecture In New York
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A 10 page that provides an overview of the history of architecture in New York City, with a focus on the book Low Life, by Luc Sante. This paper reflects upon architecture as it relates to urban planning and the implications of early architectural design. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Lifearch.wps

Housing & Residential District Evolution
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A 5 page examination of residential use patterns on a historic and worldwide perspective. The writer provides numerous examples of cities which have evolved in terms of their residential use as a result of the transition from production-based activities to consumption-based activities. Concludes that residential use patterns are circular in their historic nature but that they are not predictable given the number of factors which can influence them. Bibliography lists three sources.
Filename: Resmorph.wps

How Urban Schools Are Affected By Society
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This 9 page paper looks at urban schools today, their problems and ways in which they have found solutions. Urban life is studied and the effects of modern society are evaluated. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: SA043urb.wps

Immigrants and the Faceless City
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A six page paper pointing out the relationship between the loss of regional identity and the modern sense of rootlessness. The paper concludes we should take a cue from immigrants, who typically come to this country intending to both preserve their heritage and put down roots. Bibliography lists five sources.
Filename: KBimmig.wps

Irish Immigration To The United States / 1840 To 1900
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The process of Irish immigrant migration in the United States since the 1900s has resulted in the development of a number of significant Irish communities. This 5 page paper considers the process of Irish immigration and then considers the specific elements of current geographic composition in states like California as a segment of this process. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Iris1840.wps

Italian Immigrant Communities in San Diego 1840-1950: The National Process of Italian Immigration and the Implications for One Urban Center
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Italian Immigrant Communities in San Diego 1840-1950: The National Process of Italian Immigration and the Implications for One Urban Center: This 25 page paper considers the process of Italian immigration which occurred in the late 19th century and first half of the 20th century and the implications of this process for communities like San Diego. This paper also considers Italian immigration relative to the state of California as a whole and provides comparisons of rural vs. urban communities and the integration of the Italian American population nationwide. Bibliography lists 20 sources. MHitalia.wps
Filename: MHitalia.wps

Jamaican Culture In London
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This 40 page paper looks at the Jamaican community living in london and examines the influence that they have had on the wider community and the way in which that community has effected them. Issues such as the language, racism, schooling, housing, politics, religion and the arts are all discussed with their influence being assessed in both directions. Examples and cases are cited to demonstrate the influences. The paper includes two graphs and cites 19 sources.
Filename: TEjamaca.wps

John Kenneth Galbraith's "The Position Of Poverty" And Robert B. Reich's "Why The Rich Are Getting Richer And The Poor, Poorer": Compare/Contrast
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5 pages in length. Within the literary boundaries of John Kenneth Galbraith's "The Position Of Poverty" and Robert B. Reich's "Why The Rich Are Getting Richer And The Poor, Poorer," the reader is given a significantly better understanding as to why there exists such a tremendous separation between rich and poor. While Galbraith cites the curse of capitalism, Reich tends to focus more closely upon the decline in a decently paid workforce, a contrast that effectively distinguishes Reich and Galbraith. Reich notes that major corporations such as AT&T, American Airlines and General Motors – just to name a few – have ceased taking care of their employees, choosing instead to seek out cheap labor as a means by which to fortify even further their already overflowing money pots. By doing so, one can readily surmise that the middle class is slowly but surely being squeezed out as the separation between upper and lower class. The writer compares and contrasts these articles as they are found in Lee A. Jacobus' "A World of Ideas." No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCrchpr.wps

John Reddie Short's "The Urban Order"
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This 5 page essay discusses John Reddie Short's 1996 book that is also sub-titled An Introduction to Cities, Culture, and Power. Issues examined include the economic evolution of cities, elements that define contemporary urban economies, and the role urban economies play in the larger global economy. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Urbord.wps

L.W. Kennedy/ "Planning the City Upon a Hill"
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An 8 page summation and analysis of Lawrence W. Kennedy's book on the history of urban planning as it pertains to Boston, Mass. Kennedy traces the history of urban planning in Boston from its founding in 1630 to the present day. In so doing, he demonstrates how city planning is tied intrinsically to the political life of an American city. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khboston.wps

Levittown
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A 12 page research paper on what is still the largest housing project ever assembled by a single builder. William Levitt and his brother answered the need for affordable housing after World War II by mass-producing houses on Long Island, N.Y. The first Levittown was followed by others and helped to fuel the growing post-WWII trend toward suburban living. The writer discusses the sociological, economical, and demographic consequences. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: Levittown.doc

Life in 1930s New York
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This 5 page fictitious account describes the life of a woman who grew up in Brooklyn, New York during the depression era and World War II. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Ny1930.wps

Life In The City / Advantages & Disadvantages Of Urban Life For Children
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A 7 page paper considering the ways in which living in urban centers is associated with advantages or disavantages. Focus is on lower-income families in the inner city, for whom many of the cultural advantages of the city do not apply, the challenges they face, and the effect of these upon the children. Successful urban improvement programs to address these difficulties are described as potential advantages to urban children. Bibliography lists 24 sources.
Filename: Urbanchi.wps

London & Boston/2 cities' urban development
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A 12 page research paper that outlines the urban development of Boston and London. Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Filename: khbo&lo.wps

Mackinac Bridge, Michigan
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A 6 page paper which discusses the planning, building, completion, opening, and repairs of the Mackinac Bridge in Michigan. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: RAmacknc.wps

Malthusian Arguments in Population Growth
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5 pages in length. Describes the Malthusian approach to population growth and environmental issues. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: JGAmalth.wps

Metropolitan Area Report / Newark, NJ
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A 40 page paper that provides a substantive look at the city of Newark, New Jersey, which includes things like the overall national and international environment, the physical characteristics of Newark, the demographics, employment, office market, retail market, industrial market, residential market, hotel market forecast, and a brief overview of the economic outlook as a whole for the region. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Filename: Newarknj.wps

Miami -- Modern Urban Problems
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A 5 page research paper on Miami and its problems. The writer details social, political, and economic factors in Miami's status. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Miami.wps

Miami's Economic Condition
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of this Florida city's financial dilemma in the nineties. After coming out of a scandal of government corruption, the city faced possible bankruptcy in 1996. This paper delves into Miami's present and future condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Sa304.wps

Middle-Class Ideal Of The Suburban Community
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5 pages in length. Suburbia represents a great deal of importance for cities today in that it provides an outlet for those who cannot or do not want to live within the confines of an overpopulated environment. There exist inherent problems for urban cities that have reached and surpassed the number of people they can comfortably and productively hold. This is when outlying districts come especially into play, as they grant city dwellers the opportunity to escape into a decidedly more serene atmosphere. Not only does this diversion help to diffuse potentially disastrous circumstances with respect to problems associated with overcrowding, but it also enables people to experience and appreciate a life other than that of the rat race. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: TLCsubrb.wps

Moving To The City / Japan's Graying Farms
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A 6 page essay examining Japan's current trend away from the farms and into the cities. Family farms are being worked by owners well past working age while the families' children are opting for the life of the city, which seems to be freer and easier to live. The paper includes an analogy between the current Japanese migration from their ancient agricultural heritage to the American shift from farms to cities, comparing the similarities and differences in the cultural views of agriculture and those who make it their living. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Japanfar.wps

New Orleans / Cultural Gumbo!
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This 7 page research paper discusses the cultural diversity of New Orleans and how this diversity works to create a unique and exciting city so many years after it was first regarded as a haven rich with culture. Sociological factors and some historical discussions are integrated with present day attributes of the city. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Neworlea.wps

New York City's "Tenant Movement"
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On April 1, 1904, NY's "tenant unions" & organizations went on strike-- refusing to pay rent until their demands were met. In this 12 page research paper, the writer details specific "battles" of the Tenant Movement-- relevant situations, and their outcomes. An overview of 20th century history and the continuing struggle for tenant's rights in New York is presented, as are the efforts of various organizations such as the New York State Tenant and Neighborhood Coalition (NYSTNC). The cases provided demonstrate that when workers' real wages are squeezed by inflation or depression, in addition to conflicts at the point of production, responses occur at household level in the form of struggles in the reproductive sphere (demands for rent reductions, etc.). Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: Tenantmv.wps

New York, NY/Demographic History
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A 6 page research paper that offers demographic study of NYC. The writer offers a discussion of statistics on population growth, ethnicity and the NYPD, particularly comparing the New York of 1890 and the New York of 1990. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: khnyc.wps

Oklahoma City's M.A.P.S. Plan
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An 8 page research paper on the urban renewal plan for downtown and Bricktown. The writer details the design, its flaws, especially parking, and some solutions. 4 pages of graphics and text are also provided. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Maps.wps

Open House - Redefining Urban America in the Twenty-First Century
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A 10-page paper that examines the urban housing situation as it exists in the inner-cities of America today and defines some of the strategies that have been proposed to improve this situation, especially for lower-income citizens. Included is a discussion of the present situation in Chicago, the urban renewal strategies this city has adopted, and the success of these strategies as compared to the strategies implemented and success achieved by other major American cities as well as by other nations. Bibliography lists 13 sources.
Filename: LCHouse.doc

Orange County, California
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Orange County, California has long lived with the reputation of affluence and conservatism. This may or may not be true, however, the existence of the stereotype has certainly had an influence on how Orange County is viewed. This 7 page paper argues that Orange county is not simply a conglomeration of cities too expensive and too conservative for the lower income or minority members, but is a thriving community that incorporates diverse aspects of a unique culture. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: KTorange.wps

Paris / Expatriates In
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A 10 page research paper and essay exploring the issue of why, how and who were self-exiled in Paris. The writer focuses on a philosophical introduction to the mindset of the Parisian public and explores the works, politics and lifestyles of Gertrude Stein, Anais Nin, and Henry Miller. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Parisex.wps

Partnerships in Social Housing; Applying the Egan Agenda
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This 10 page paper looks at the way in which social housing may benefit if the Egan Agenda was adopted in the construction of this type of property. Short term direct savings are considered as well as longer term indirect savings. The paper also includes a description of the Egan Report's general findings in order to better place the student to understand its application to social housing. The bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEhouegn.wps

Patrick Geddes
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A 6 page paper that describes the views and philosophy of Patrick Geddes, the environmentalist turned city planner who demonstrated his concerns for natural features within urbanization. Geddes demonstrated a means by which cities could revitalize utilizing environmental concerns as their basis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Geddes.wps

Patterns Of Movement Within Paris & New York City
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4 pages in which Paris and New York City are discussed with regard to citizen patterns of movement Cultural, political, economic, and ethnic aspects are explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Movepatt.wps

Pierre Clavel / 'The Progressive City'
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A 5 page book review of Pierre Clavels work on progressive civic government during the 1970s and 1980s. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Clavel.wps

Pittsburgh's Bus System / Public Transportation As An Extension Of Collective Action
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An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history and development of public policies regarding the development of public transportation bus systems in Pittsburgh as a result of community action. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Busspitt.wps

Planning for Sufficient Public Housing
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A 7 page paper discussing considerations for the city council of a fictitious city of 250,000 as the council embarks on a five-year study of zoning to control urban sprawl in the economically healthy and rapidly-growing city. The paper uses the example of the decay of downtown Detroit and sprawl into outlying suburban areas as an example of what to avoid. The paper discusses how changes in zoning laws and allowing private developers downtown areas could have benefited the city, using Portland, Oregon as a positive example. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: KSurbanHous.wps

Population Growth in Urban and Rural Areas
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This 5 page paper looks at the significance of population growth in developing and industrialized nations. The difference between urban and rural growth is discussed. A hypothetical country study, as provided by a student, is evaluated. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: SA106Pop.wps

Presidential Reconstruction/Congressional Plans: 1865-1877
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3 pages in length. Defining the relationships that existed between and among government, politics, democracy and power in the mid-1800s was a task that drew its conclusion upon a very fine line. Indeed, while all four of these entities had something significant to do with one another, at the same time they each possessed their own particular arrangement within the wide and varied scheme of bureaucratic function. The writer discusses the elements that played an integral role in the modification of the presidential reconstruction. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCprez.wps

Privatizing Inner-City Schools / "No Place To Go But Up !"
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A 7 page research paper on privatizing urban schools. The writer argues that the positive aspects of privatization far outweigh the negative and offers the promising case of Hartford, Connecticut as an example. Reasons to change over are analyzed in great detail as are some of the casual factors behind decline in inner-city school systems. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Urbanedu.wps

Problems Of "Urban Sprawl"
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This 10 page research paper examines the issue of urban sprawl in America from a conservative perspective. Specifically discussed are the effects of urban sprawl on regional settings, goals and objectives established for prevention, policy options for the U.S. as a whole and applications of policy options to Phoenix, AZ. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Urbspral.wps

Public Perception Of The LAPD
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8 pages in length. The writer discusses the negative public perspective of the Los Angeles Police Department. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: TLC_LAPD

Public Transportation In New York City
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The evolution of public transportation in New York City is described in this 12 page paper. The writer covers various issues, problems, and other matters that have confronted the city's public transportation department .. examining how some of those still persist today. Bibliography lists17 sources.
Filename: Nyctrans.wps

Racial Segregation And The Watts Neighborhood Of Los Angeles / A Focus On Urban Revitalization As A Solution To Racial Division
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This 5 page paper is broken down into two specific parts: The paper considers the issue of racial segregation in the urban landscape and the problems in residential areas, then relates the issue of racial segregation to the specific elements of the Watts neighborhood in Los Angeles and the attempts being made towards urban revitalization in light of the call for reductions in racial divisions. Bibliography lists 4 sources. LA
Filename: LA.race.wps

Reconstitution In San Francisco Education
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A 7 page paper that provides an overview of the process of Reconstitution in the San Francisco Unified School District and suggests the reasons behind the decision of District Superintendent Rojas to reduce its use. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Reconst.wps

Redevelopment Of Silicon Valley
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A 20 page research paper that discusses the problems that have faced Silicon value and the need for urban redevelopment. The paper discusses community attitude, economics, development, and "city" planning needs. From a relational view from other cities, the paper posits that the community should utilize its unique interactive abilities and apply them to planning for the future of the community, rather than merely using them in a reactionary fashion to respond the growing traffic, real estate and social problems. The paper discusses a personal plan for urban development, but focuses on the need for redevelopment professionals. Bibliography lists 9 sources.
Filename: Siliconv.wps

Rent Control
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of the rent control issue. Its impact on a variety of U.S. cities is discussed as well as other areas around the world. Bibliography lists 7 sources
Filename: Rencontl.wps

Robert Harney's "Little Italies In North America": Italians In Toronto And New York
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9 pages in length. The existence of the urban immigrant was not particularly well received by North America's growing middle class at the turn of the century. The gulf that existed between the two groups was primarily born from a sense of ethnic privilege that had been established early on. It can readily be argued that this developing rift, which defined the self-imposed status, proved to be a serious threat to the overall social fabric of Canada and the United States. For nearly as long as man has existed, social intolerance has been driving a wedge between groups of people whose ambition is the same: to better their existence through upward social movement. This attitude has been carried down through the centuries in spite of much effort on all sides to abolish such prejudicial practices. While New York eventually grew to somewhat embrace its growing Italian population, Toronto was not as amenable as its neighbor, which is visible in the cultural divide illustrated by Robert F. Harney's Little Italies in North America. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCtoron.wps

San Diego, California in the Year 2020
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A 7 page paper which discusses the conditions that are likely to exist in San Diego, California in the year 2020, in relationship to economy, housing, and population, and discusses the San Diego Association of Government's (SANDAG) proposal for the future. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: RAsandieg.wps

Schools / Urban vs. Suburban
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A 3 page argument in which the writer posits that the reason many people are not satisfied with urban schools is evidently resulting from the reasons that people are not satisfied with urban areas in general. As Americans have shifted so abruptly to the suburbs, the nation's cities have been left to fall apart and so has everything in them- including their schools. And when education is poor, the remaining affluent pack up and leave the city as well; creating a cycle of cause and effect. Now that there is so little left in inner-cities, urban schools are not able to offer the attractive services that suburban schools are. Statistics and case examples are analyzed to support points made. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Urbanvsu.wps

Sins of the Father - Children's Crimes & Adult Accountability
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A 5 page paper that argues that parents should be held accountable for the crimes that their children commit if society ever hopes to put an end to these tragedies. Discussed are the circumstances that surrounded the Columbine shooting in 1999 and the Flint, Michigan shooting in 2000 and how both cases reflect parental negligence. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: LCCrimes.doc

Social Services in Orange County, New York
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Social Services in Orange County, New York : This 4 page paper highlights social services in the county and compares it with the rest of the state. The subject of welfare cuts in the state of New York is addressed and the city of Newburgh is discussed as a problematic area. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Orange. rtf
Filename: Orange. rtf

Sociocultural Change In The Neighborhoods Of Washington, D.C.
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An 11 page paper that focuses on the demographic, cultural, religious, and economic factors that have impacted neighborhoods in Washington, D.C.. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: D.C.3.rtf

Sociology and Race, Homelessness, and Urban Life
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A 25 page paper that presents the works of three authors, Studs Terkel, Elijah Anderson and Elliot Liebow and considers their works with regard to race, poverty, gender and ethics. These works all represent different perspectives on race and urban issues, and provide compelling support against the common stereotypes of the day. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Socrace.wps

Suburban Malls - The New Downtown
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A 5 page research paper which examines the concept proposed by Witold Rybczynski in his book, City Life, that malls have become the de facto downtown of the American suburbs. The writer also consults the work of Lyn Lofland in her book A World of Strangers: Order & Action In Urban Public Space for information on how sociologists gain rich data from their observations of such public places. Bibliography lists these books.
Filename: Malldown.wps

The American Street / An Important Public Space?
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A 5 page overview of history of the public space function of the city street and the evolution of that function over time. The writer concludes that this function, even with planned efforts to make it so, will never be as important as it had been in early American history. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Streetev.wps

The Camden Plan
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A 7 page paper introducing the immediate and long-term problems facing Camden today (a poverty-stricken city in Southwestern New Jersey). The paper provides a detailed report and statistics on the city's plan to make changes not only to help their homeless and housing situations, but also recommended changes to government processes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Camden.wps

The Community of Syracuse
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A 5 page paper which discusses the community of Syracuse as seen through various newspaper articles. The paper addresses the population, illustrating what the socio-economic position of people appears to be, the age of the population, and the race of the population as seen through the various articles. The paper then discusses what is apparently the census information regarding Syracuse, which seems somewhat different than the newspaper would have the reader believe. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: RAsyracs.wps

The Economics of Urban Poverty
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The premise that poverty is largely a racial issue is discussed in this 8 page paper. The thesis presented has support from many economists who link race and the proliferation of the welfare state. Solutions to poverty are provided and include decreasing social services while improving educational facilities in poor, urban areas and implementing large scale affirmative action programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Urbpov.wps

The Effects of Gang Culture on Juveniles
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A 10 page paper which looks at the effects of gang culture and gang membership on adolescents. The writer considers the social, biological and moral effects on young people who belong to urban gangs, and the reasons why gang membership is attractive to juveniles. Bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: JLgangs.wps

The Fall of Ancient Cities
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6 pages in length. Using the specific examples of Beirut and Cairo, the writer of this paper explores how cities lose their aesthetic value over time. Analytical comments are made regarding how urban areas that were once known for their statutes, monuments and ancient civilizations can not be held in the same light anymore today.. 20th century Beirut is not the Beirut of ancient times and can not be regarded as such.. A detailed explanation follows. No Bibliography, based on handouts/readings.
Filename: Cities.wps

The Golden Gate Bridge
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This 5 page paper highlights the construction of the third longest suspension bridge in the world. Sections include an analysis on the building of the bridge from a cultural perspective, a religious and philosophical perspective and concludes with a look at the project from an ethical standpoint. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: GGB.rtf

The Gothic Cathedral
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(5 pp.)Historians in the seventeenth century who looked at this "new" building style, did not initially know how to define it, and in one of those legends in history, someone said - well -" it was built by the Goths" -we should call it "gothic." And the name stuck. Now it is determined to be that style of architecture and art in art from the twelfth through the fifteenth century. Major elements of form include pointed arches, ribbed vaults and often, large areas of stained glass. This discussion will examine this style of architecture and its importance in the period. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBgothca.doc

The Great Chicago Fire of 1871
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9 pages in length. Perhaps the most popular "whodunit" of American history, the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 spawned a generation of tough citizens who weren't willing to give up their city, even in the face of disaster. Finally, we learn that it wasn't necessarily Mrs. O'Leary's cow who set the blaze.
Filename: Chicfire.wps

The History Of Olvera Street
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6 pages in length. One of Los Angeles' most culturally colorful landmarks is that of Olvera Street. Transformed in the 1930s more than fifty years after having been named after first County Judge Agustin Olvera, the retailored Olvera Street hardly resembles the modest short lane whose name was Wine Street. The year 1877 was when progress found the tiny concourse by lengthening its span and changing its name. Up until this time, Olvera Street was primarily populated by Hispanic American merchants but was ultimately transformed by a group of white elites into a romanticized projection of colonial Spain. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLColvra.wps

The History of the Greek Community in Chicago
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An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the problems and social elements that surround the emergence of the Greek culture in Chicago and that has supported the prevallence of elements like the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Chicgrek.wps

The InterCounty Connector: The Master Plan of Montgomery County, Maryland
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This 12 page paper considers the goals, strategies and changes over the past 50 years in the plan for developing the InterCounty Connector, a major road project in Montgomery County, Maryland. This paper considers the specific challenges to urban planners and the struggles that have emerged as a result of the conflicts over this project. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: MHroadp.wps

The Politics of Urban Renewal: Adriaen's Landing
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A 12 page paper which discusses the politics of urban renewal, with emphasis on Adriaen's Landing which is in Hartford, Connecticut. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: RAurbnnew.wps

The Principle Motivation for Undertaking Leisure and Cultural Practices is the Quest for Prestige
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This 6 page paper considers the nature of the pursuit of leisure and cultural practices, including tourism and travel, as they are defined by the desirability of prestige and the desire to maintain a sense of prestige in the modern culture. Bibliography lists 3 sources
Filename: MHleisep.wps

The Problems of Housing Policy in the United Kingdom
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This 10 page paper considers the on-going problems within UK housing polices. The paper includes discussion on the lack of continuity within active policies and the lack of a stakeholder approach that includes the tenants as primary stakeholders. The bibliography cites 9 sources.
Filename: TEhoupol.wps

The Prominent Cultures of Florida
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This 6 page paper provides a comparison between the prominent cultures of Florida and the American culture as a whole. This paper provides a comparative view and integrates views on ethnic heritage, culture and normative behaviors as they compare to the dominant American culture. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: MHFLrac.wps

The Rise and Fall of Suburbia
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A 5 page book review on "Bourgeois Utopias - The Rise and Fall of Suburbia" by Robert Fishman. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAsuburba.wps

The Rise of the Central Business District & the Importance of Revitalization
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A 5 page overview of the dynamics of the central business district in Midwestern city's. Describes the traditional importance and the decline these districts have experienced in recent years. Describes in specific details the decline and rejuvenation experienced in Paducah, Kentucky. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Cenbusdi.wps

The Role Of Wealthy Families In New York City's History
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New York's wealthy families are highlighted in this 5 page paper which outlines the city's history. Families which were integral to the development of New York City such as the Rockefellers, the Vanderbilts and the Astors are discussed. Their attitudes, as well as their financial endeavors, are noted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Nycfam.wps

The South Boston Neighborhood 1970-1971
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This 7 page paper provides an overview of the South Boston neighborhood as it is described in the news stories of 1970. This paper considers the issues that were raised, the implementation of bussing and the approaches to addressing suburban development and their impacts on the progression of South Boston. This paper outlines the changes that occurred in 1970, especially as they related to some significant issues and the changing perception of the South Boston neighborhood. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: MHBosto4.wps

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Istanbul as a Tourist Destination
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This 41 page paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding the nature of tourism in Istanbul. This paper applies some theoretical perspectives on the impact of international tourism on the development of tourist centers like Istanbul and the impacts for Turkey in general, and then provides a SWOT analysis of Istanbul as a tourist destination. Bibliography lists 25 sources.
Filename: MHistanb.wps

The Town Of Pullman
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This 5 page paper explores the concept of a planned community established and controlled by a company, specifically the town of Pullman Illinois at the time of the Pullman strike in 1894. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: KTpulman.wps

The Urbanization of New York City
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This 5 page paper delves into New York City history, with a focus on immigration. The effects of technology on the urbanization of New York, as well as other parts of social and economic life in the city, are explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: SA044NYC.wps

The Washington , D.C. Experience
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This 6 page paper highlights the monuments in Washington and contemplates why visiting the district is a moving and interesting experience. The history of some of the monuments are discussed as well as their meanings. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: SA047DC.wps

Three Ancient Cities / Comparison
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14 pages in length. In this research paper, the writer examines the artistic and architectural backgrounds of three ancient cities : Albania's Burtinti, Mexico's Cholula, and Sicily's Syracuse. It is hypothesized that through an examination of their architecture, we can learn much about the lives of early inhabitants, and the thought that went into urban planning (roadways, aqueducts, etc.;). Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: Cityanci.wps

Toronto's Newspaper Industry
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A 10 page paper on the industry that discusses the number of changes the city's newspaper industry experienced during the 1990s. The writer reviews some of the newspapers under the new banner of the CNA and the OCNA--a lobbying organization formed to protect the autonomy of theCanadian industry. Bibliography lists 14 sources.
Filename: Toronto.wps

Tracy Kidder/ "Home Town"
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A 5 page review of Tracy Kidder's Pulitzer Prize winning account of life in Northampton, Massachusetts—entitled "Home Town"--is a spellbinding book that takes the reader into the heart and soul of a typical American small town. Kidder expertly, and seemingly effortlessly, pulls together the compelling stories of various people in Northampton, and, in doing so, reveals the sociologically complex structure that lies beneath the ordinary surface of this typical American city. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khhomtwn.wps

Transportation 1861-1939: Horse and Wagon, Horse and Rails, Electric Rails, Electric Streetcars, and Gasoline Power
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A 5 page overview of the evolution of transportation forms during the latter half of the nineteenth century and the early part of the Twentieth. Recounts the impacts of this evolution on city growth and layout, streets, and even culture. Concludes that the evolution of transportation had worldwide impacts; impacts which were not restricted to the transport of goods and people alone, but which extended in fact to the transformation of culture. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPtransp.wps

Urban Development in London
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This 8 page paper considers Peter Hall's 1998 book 'Cities of Tomorrow' and considers how the issues raised in this book can be seen as representative of London. The role of urban planning is considered against the background of ideas in this book. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEurbdev.wps

Urban Development: Present And Future Issues
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7 pages in length. The writer discusses urbanization of the past and how it has influenced contemporary urban cities. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: TLCurbdv.wps

Urban Experience In New York
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A 10 page paper which illustrates various experiences in urban environments in New York. The places visited are a welfare office, a luxury hotel, a civil court, and a factory. No sources cited.
Filename: RAurbnwlf.wps

Urban Issues: Sprawl, Deconcentration, and Polarization
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A 5 page paper which discusses various aspects of urban concerns. Their causes, consequences, and policy issues are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: RAurbnsprw.wps

Urban Planning's Relevance
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A 5 page paper discussing two of the roles of urban planning. One of those roles is in land use of course; the other focuses on the rapid influx of Latinos in a San Francisco suburb. The land use issue focuses on Macomb County, Michigan, a rapidly growing area outside Detroit proper. A group serving Spanish-speaking citizens in a suburb of San Francisco provides an example of how urban planning is used by non-government agencies. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: KSurbPln.wps

Urban Poverty & Health Care
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10 pages in length. A contemplative look at the plight of urban poor and their lack of quality health care. In this paper, the writer addresses various aspects that define the problem: inadequate government aid; the trap of low-paying, unskilled, dead end jobs; and how preventive, primary health care is the goal of the immediate future. Bibliography lists 16 comprehensive sources.
Filename: Urbnpovt.wps

Urban Re-Development In Sacramento
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A 6 page research paper investigating the book written as a follow-up report to the urban re-development project in Sacramento. A contrast is made between specific elements in the original plan vs. the follow-up report vs. residents' letters to the editor. Bibliography is included.
Filename: Urbansch.wps

Urban Reality, The Individual And Society
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The urban environment is a delicate balance between the individual and the society. This 5 page paper argues that gender and ethnicity, as well as social class distinctions and deviance from the cultural norms must be recognized as having significant effects on the experience of defining the metropolis as an area of residence and social life. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: KTurban.wps

Urban Revolution
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A 7 page paper analyzing Childs' theories elements of urban revolution compared to other authors. The paper discusses in particular, the growth of the state from conquest, commerce and administrative needs.
Filename: Childs.wps

Urban Sociology & The Need For Change
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11 pages in length. The questions raised in this paper are related to sociological studies in which spatial density is a major focus, because how close people live, work, and go to school with each other affects how people think, their behavior, work performance and even how children are educated. Using sociological theory, the writer explains many urban problems associated with cultural diffusion, immigration, gang warfare, pollution and more. Spatial / environmental considerations are of primary importance to this discussion. Bibliography lists 12 sources.
Filename: Urbansoc.wps

Urban Sprawl In Metropolitan Detroit
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9 pages in length. The land developers and the environmentalist have yet to meet eye-to-eye on the issue of urban sprawl in metropolitan Detroit and likely never will. According to those who believe that environmentally sustainable cities are a workable solution, the concept will incorporate enough protective aspects to make it a worthwhile proposition. From the environmentalist point of view, however, as long as people continue to spread out into the land and development continues, there is absolutely no way the notion can hold up to its claims of wildlife protection and sustainability. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: TLCsprlD.wps

Urban Sprawl: Impact Upon Wildlife
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24 pages in length. Worldwide, humanity's encroachment upon the land is causing perilous consequences to the wildlife community. From America's national parks to the Belize rain forests to the global deserts, animals are fighting for their very existence as mankind's urban sprawl continues to infringe upon the environment. Wildlife rehabilitation clinics have significantly helped with the problem of addressing the fact that many wildlife species having nowhere left to go but straight into suburbia; however, their efforts are not taking shape quickly enough as a means by which to abate the overwhelming human ignorance in relation to wildlife knowledge and the irreparable harm that is occurring due to selfish actions. Bibliography lists 18 sources.
Filename: TLCsprwl.wps

Urban Sprawl; The Role of Technology
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This 5 page paper considers the phenomenon of urban sprawl. The paper looks at the causes and effects of this trend, how it is encouraged by technology and argues that it should be halted giving suggestion on how this may be achieved. The bibliography cites 5 sources.
Filename: TEurbspl.wps

Urban Way of Life: Brazil
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A 5 page paper which discusses what is evident about the urban way of life as presented in the essay "The Myth of Racial Democracy in Brazil: A Problem of Social Mythology" by Emilia Viotti da Costa. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAurbanbrzl.wps

Urbanization in Ancient Rome
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This 4 page paper looks at ancient Rome and assesses changes in socialization and architecture. The focus is on the regal and early republican periods. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: SA9Rome.wps

Urbanization, the Creation of Cities and the Impacts on the Natural Environment
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This 10 page paper provides an overview of the correlation between urban development and the impact that this has on the natural environment. This paper considers how cities are impacted by air pollution and how cities impact the natural environment. This paper specifically assesses the significance of issues like acid rain. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: MHairpol.wps

Volunteer Firefighters and EMTs
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A 5 page research paper that discusses the modern role of the volunteer fire department. The writer defines and discusses the responsibilities of both firefighters and the EMTs who assist them. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: khvolfir.wps

Washington DC - Foggy Bottom & Adams-Morgan Neighborhoods / Change
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A 24 page paper that provides an overview of the major representational aspects of both the Foggy Bottom and Adams-Morgan Neighborhoods in Washington, D.C. in a comparison that evaluates the transformation since the 1930s. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Filename: DC3.doc

Washington, D.C. 2006
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This 10 page paper investigates the possible future of the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, our nation's capital. The writer provides a brief history of Washington and the District, the cultural amenities and then provides data regarding population, unemployment, and crime then makes forecasts using trend extrapolation analysis regarding the population and crime rates. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Dc2006.wps

Western Cities
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(10 pp) The discussion has been prompted by questions concerning urban studies, particularly in the Western United States. Areas of discussion include: the progressive era; the growth of Los Angeles; the role of government in land patterns; the work of Carl Abbot; and regionalism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: BBwcity.doc

Why Cities Exist / A Look At Urban Economic Theory & The History Of Cities
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A 20 page paper that provides an overview of trhe application of major economic theories to the history and development of cities in the United States and through out the world. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Citywhy.wps

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